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  • Re: Steel Dome Oven

    Randall,
    It's just regular aluminum foil, I used the widest my wife had to minimise joins.

    I haven't had time to build what I consider an insulating door so how long the oven holds at what heat are figures I do not have. There is very little heat lost thru the insulation on my oven and I suspect that when I have a proper door it will retain heat as good as a brick oven. There may be a bit more loss as the flue is steel and connects directly to the inner dome, however, my "proper door" will seal the flue when in place. Any door that doesn't close off the flue allows the chimney to work and transfer heat away via convection from those non-insulated surfaces. As for the rest of the dome, the mantra of Forno Bravo Forum is "insulate, insulate, insulate". After several hours of running my WFO at pizza temps one could not detect heat thru its outer dome.

    Even without a proper door I have not had problem cooking a single loading of bread (didn't bake enough to require a second loading) and it roasted a Thanksgiving turkey without dificulty as well.

    Bests,
    Wiley

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    • Re: Steel Dome Oven

      WOW! What a thread! I'm worn out! NICE build!!!
      Something I have seen no mention of -
      The aluminum foil is serving two purposes, it's intended original purpose and as an infrared reflector. Infrared is heat. In the infrared world there are emittors and reflectors. Flat black is an excellent emittor, allows infrared to easily pass through. The foil, applied bright side in, would be an excellent reflector, driving heat back into the oven and improving efficency.
      I build meat smokers and use a bright silver paint as a base coat when painting them for this reason. It makes a difference.
      I am a FLIR certified thermographer.
      Again - NICE BUILD!

      Comment


      • Re: Steel Dome Oven

        Wiley, Where did you get the Frax paper and what thickness did you use? I can only find this paper in 100 sq.ft. rolls which is mega $. I will only need a small strip. Trying to gather all my supplies before I start.
        Thanks,
        Randall

        Comment


        • Re: Steel Dome Oven

          Randall, If memory serves it came either from Seattle Pottery Supply or from one of the Seattle art glass suppliers. It is commonly used in slumping glass. I used to do alot of enamel work and SPS used to carry alot of stuff for enameling. If I were searching out a source today I would try them first and if no luck try a local glass blower or bead maker. I've seen bead makers use it to set their finished beads upon when annealing.

          The thickness I used was about the same thickness as thick blotter paper. I'm sort of surprised they are only offering to sell it by the roll. When I bought mine it was so much per foot, they showed me what they had and I selected and bought. Then again, I was purchasing from a retail not wholesale outlets back then.

          Hope this helps,
          Wiley

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          • Re: Steel Dome Oven

            Seattle Pottery does carry.
            They have 1/32, 1/16", 1/8" 1/4" Would thicker be better or does that cause other issues? Thanks for the contact.
            Also, did you install a thermometer in your oven or do you use a laser non contact thermometer?
            Randall

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            • Re: Steel Dome Oven

              Randall,
              I think the thickness I would choose would in part depend upon how good the join is between the mating pieces. I'm guessing you are speaking here of the piece I used between the dome assembly and the outer entrance ring. If it is a close fit the thicker stuff may not fit, if loose then the thicker would fill the extra space (sort of have to look and make your best guess). I don't think there is a magic number with this. The major idea is to stop the expansion and contraction of the inner dome from causing problems with the outer shell/exterior of the WFO thru the slip surface. The retardation of heat transfer from dome to rim is less controllable as the space for such insulation is small.

              As for thermometers I have been using a Harbor Freight infrared thermometer, a cheapie (when on sale $29.00) and so far have been pleased. I did not opt for thermocouples in the floor or dome. In fact we are planning a trip to Italy this fall and I bought a second HF infrared thermometer to take along. Figuring there was a possibility of it being confiscated by our well meaning (but basically idiotic) homeland security people either exiting or entering our country. And if not then perhaps I can give it as a gift in Italy to a helpful pizzaiolo. The units work well enough and are cheap enough to be considered expendable. I'm most curious to get some real time data on temps in their ovens.

              Hope this is helpful,
              Wiley

              Comment


              • Re: Steel Dome Oven

                Hello Wiley- I'm new to the forum, but have been reading your thread and referring back to it often as I plan on building my own oven. I've been back and forth deciding on exactly how to build it. My first idea was just to build it exactly like the pompeii plans, but then I started reading about your project and was very impressed with the outcome. You seem to really know your stuff when it comes to insulation, refractory material, etc... My latest idea is to use a large fiberglass sand filter body (40") as a mold for cement refractory material. Basically cover the cut fiberglass dome with aluminum foil and pack the cement around it to a depth of 4", possibly including some wire mesh inside the cement for strength, allow the cement to cure and (with lots of help) remove the mold and set the cement dome in place. I would appreciate your opinion on this idea. My worries/questions are:
                #1 - What type of cement/aggregate to use?
                #2 - Should I use some type of wire mesh to strengthen the dome?
                #3 - Will whichever type of cement I use eventually break or crack?

                The rest of my plans are pretty basic. I'll Cover the dome with ceramic blanket and perlite or vermiculite, add a vent and hearth, all of this on a insulated base topped with firebrick (per pompeii plans). I've searched the forum and googled "castable pizza oven" and haven't gotten any reliable results. Any input would be greatly appreciated.

                Comment


                • Re: Steel Dome Oven

                  ClintonJ,
                  Thank You for the kind words. However regarding your questions I would suggest you search out Ed Schmidt or David S both of which built WFOs from castable refractory. Ed Schmidt's was constructed of pieces and assembled and David S (he uses lower case: david s) WFO is a single piece casting.

                  The material I used was "Fondu" (calcium aluminate cement) and crushed basalt and so far has worked well for the purpose I intended. I'm not as certain how well it would perform if it was in direct contact with flame. One of the benefits of using a steel dome in my construction is to protect my homemade cast refractory from direct contact with flames. With a wood fired oven it is possible to get localized temperatures in excess of the rated temperature of the cement and that cannot add to the durability of the WFO.

                  Regarding cracking, I suspect that larger WFOs might be more successfully constructed using cast sections rather than as a single piece. I think that perhaps the biggest concern with a single piece oven is how to accommodate the stresses created by uneven heating. Multiple sections would allow differential expansion due to uneven heat and thus not be as susceptible to cracking. Dmun's geodesic dome might be a good place to start if one was thinking along the lines of casting larger pieces that would fit together in a repeatable pattern thus minimizing the number of sectional molds

                  I'm not familiar with the "large fiberglass sand filter body" which you are suggesting to use for a plug mold. Do you have a link?

                  Sorry I couldn't be of more help. There are several people who have built cast ovens on the Forum who are far more qualified to address your questions than I am.

                  Bests,
                  Wiley

                  Comment


                  • Re: Steel Dome Oven

                    Several makers have reported that the cast refractory - SS needle combo is hard to work with. There have been more vent transitions made with the stuff than full domes. I have no personal experience with refractory concrete.

                    Our Australian builders have more experience with castable: for some reason firebricks are ruinously expensive "down under".
                    My geodesic oven project: part 1, part 2

                    Comment


                    • Re: Steel Dome Oven

                      Originally posted by Wiley View Post
                      Update wth photos....

                      I got to spend "The Fourth" cutting and shaping the hearth bricks which fit inside my steel dome. All went well although I had brick dust everywhere :-(

                      But today I got to power wire bush my dome and then set it on top of the stand. Inspite of working alone, all went very well. :-)

                      Wiley
                      Why the cutting and shaping the hearth bricks that fit inside. Could I not just set the dome on top of the fire bricks and save the effort of cutting and shaping. I'm sure there is a reason! Thanks, Randall

                      Comment


                      • Re: Steel Dome Oven

                        Why the cutting and shaping the hearth bricks that fit inside. Could I not just set the dome on top of the fire bricks and save the effort of cutting and shaping. I'm sure there is a reason!
                        The reason for having your floor fit inside the dome is that in commercial ovens subject to daily use, the floor may need to be replaced every decade or so. I see no reason to use that method for once-a-week use home ovens. I built mine on top of the brick floor with almost no cutting.
                        My geodesic oven project: part 1, part 2

                        Comment


                        • Re: Steel Dome Oven

                          Randall,
                          There are a couple of reasons I decided to go ahead and move from "design mode" to "build mode" a year ago. I was gathering pieces and everything seemed to say: Here's what you have and the proportions are so very close to design perfect that if you don't give it a try, well you're less than you thought you were (there's a nasty (at times) task master who shares my head with the lazy-lay-about who I really am).

                          So:

                          The hemisphere I used had a nominal diameter of 40 inches. Since the half I had was cut with the backing ring it had a bit more of interior dome height (otherwise would be radius). The radius of the split rim, which I used for the entrance, was such that if I lessened the interior height of my dome by the thickness of one fire brick, the ratio between the height of the entrance and the interior height of the dome was very close to the "sweet spot" of 63 %.

                          So lots of things fell into place: I wanted to keep the integrity of the base of the dome (the backing ring) to minimize possible distortion due to heating. The interor brick allowed that. I liked the look of the arch...a rainbow, a half circle. This allowed me to use the split rim simply cut in half. Otherwise I would have added pieces to the bottom of each side to increase the height of the entrance; or cut them down as needed.

                          I was unsure of the long term effect of the bottom edge of the dome expanding and contracting and so moving across the relatively soft vermicrete. By setting the dome on a "split" I increased the hardness of the supporting material and lessened the likelihood of problems with the steel dome slowly over the years working/wearing its way down and consequently out of direct contact with the refractory (basalt Fondu concrete). By setting the dome on the split and needing the interior full thickness brick I increased the thermal mass of the hearth. This I had some doubts about but has worked out OK; time from "match to pizza heat" is about 40 minutes; fine enough for me.

                          So that's "the why?" of the interior brick hearth.

                          Bests,
                          Wiley

                          Comment


                          • Re: Steel Dome Oven

                            Wiley, I knew you would have a good reason?

                            dmun, did you build a steel dome oven also? If so, do you have any pictures or posts?

                            Thanks guys,
                            Randall

                            Comment


                            • Re: Steel Dome Oven

                              Thanks Wiley,
                              The last thing I want is to build something that would eventually crack and have to be taken apart and repaired. I'm working on finding and buying a condemned propane tank so that I can get started on the oven this summer. I definately think that your oven is the best idea for someone like me with limited masonry skills but access to a friend with a welding shop. I'll post some pictures when I get started.

                              Comment


                              • Re: Steel Dome Oven

                                This past few days we in the Pacific Northwest have been experiencing unusually hot weather for us with temperatures in excess of 100 F. This morning while passing my WFO I noticed a hairline crack which I can I think attribute to this hot weather. It is only on the southern facing exposure so although I have been using my WFO a fair amount these past few weeks, I'm assuming the sun exposure caused the crack.

                                I'm going to start looking into some sort of elastomeric paint which I think might "fix" this issue. The concern, of course, is water intrusion during our wet winters. Has anybody used or have a brand etc. that they can recommend?

                                Thanks,
                                Wiley

                                Comment

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